108 Heroes of the Popular Suikoden,

Part I

(Tsűzoku Suikoden g˘ketsu hyakuhachi-nin, 通俗水滸傳濠傑百八人之内)

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi (山本屋平吉)

c. 1845-1853


This series of prints is based on stories from the semi-historical Chinese novel, Suikoden (Shuihu zhuan in Chinese).á It tells of the adventures of a band of 108 rebels who sought refuge in the margins of Liangshan Marsh.á These rebel warriors sought to protect the poor and downtrodden, very much like Robin Hoodĺs band.á The prints in this series are each about 10 by 7 inches (25 by 18 centimeters), a size known as chűban.



Japanese name: Botaichű Kotais˘ (母体中顧太嫂)

Chinese name: The goodwife Gu

Scene: Botaichű Kotais˘ throwing a huge pillar from a mountain top

Robinson: S47.1


Japanese name: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű (病關索楊雄)

Chinese name: Yang Xiong

Scene: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű holding the severed head of his adulterous wife

Robinson: S47.2


NOTE: The following design also portrays By˘kwansaku Y˘yű


Preliminary drawing (shita-e) for above print


Japanese name: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű (病關索楊雄)

Chinese name: Yang Xiong

Scene: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű by a waterfall defending himself against arrows with a shield

Robinson: S47.3


Japanese name: Chűsenko Teitokuson (中箭虎丁得孫)

Chinese name: Ding Desun

Scene: Chűsenko Teitokuson on a rock overhanging a river threatening a snake with a spear

Robinson: S47.4


Japanese name: G˘tenrai (or K˘tenrai) Ry˘shin (轟天雷凌振)

Chinese name: Ling Zhen

Scene: G˘tenrai Ry˘shin loading a cannon on the seashore

Robinson: S47.5




Japanese name: Gy˘ja Bush˘ (行者武松)

Chinese name: Wu Song

Scene: Gy˘ja Bush˘ seated under a tree with a long iron club

Robinson: S47.6




Japanese name: Hakkwaja (or Hakukada) Y˘shun (白花蛇楊春)

Chinese name: Yang Chun

Scene: Hakkwaja Y˘shun in front of a waterfall grasping his sword with both hands

Robinson: S47.7


Japanese name: Hy˘shit˘ Rinchű (豹子頭林沖)

Chinese name: Lin Chong

Scene: Hy˘shit˘ Rinchű with a spear in hand looking out from a house onto the snow

Robinson: S47.8


Japanese name: Ichij˘sei Kosanr˘ (or Kosanj˘, 一丈青扈三娘)

Chinese name: Hu San

Scene: Ichij˘sei Kosanr˘ facing a flight of arrows holding two swords crossed over her head

Robinson: S47.9


I am grateful to Tommy Crouch for this image



Japanese name: Nyűunryű K˘sonsh˘ (入雲龍公孫勝)

Chinese name: Gongsun Sheng

Scene: Nyűunryű K˘sonsh˘ seated on a rock above a river holding a sword

Robinson: S47.10


Japanese name: Kikenji Toky˘ (or Kirenji Toy˘, 鬼臉兒杜興)

Chinese name: Du Xing

Scene: Kikenji Toky˘ watching fish in the water under an overhanging rock

Robinson: S47.11



Japanese name: Konseima˘ Hanzui (混天魔樊瑞)

Chinese name: Fan Rui

Scene: Contenma˘ (for Konseima˘) Hanzui grasping his spear falls before an apparition of demons

Robinson: S47.12

Japanese name: Kwaosh˘ (or Kaosh˘) Rochishin (花和尚魯智深)

Chinese name: Lu Da (or Lu Zhishin)

Scene: Kwaosh˘ Rochishin stamping on a fallen Ni˘ figure amid smashed railings

Robinson: S47.13


NOTE: Ni˘ figures are statues of the Benevolent Kings, or protectors, a pair of which stand guard outside most Japanese Buddhist temples


Japanese name: Kwatsuyenra (or Katsuenra) Gensh˘shichi (活閽羅阮小七)

Chinese name: Ruan Xiaoqi

Scene: Kwatsuyenra Gensh˘shichi climbing out of the water onto a rock leaving his vanquished foe behind

Robinson: S47.14


Japanese name: Kyumonry˘ (or Kyűmonryű) Shishin (九紋龍史進)

Chinese name: Shi Jin

Scene: Kyumonry˘ Shishin grasping an armored foe by the neck

Robinson: S47.15


ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.