Actors off stage,

Part I

 

Kabuki actors were celebrities in 19th century Japan.á In these prints, they are portrayed in off-stage activities.á Onnagata (male actors who played female roles) are shown in female dress, and they often did wear female clothing off stage.á Other prints of actors off stage may be found in Actors playing the game of ken.

 

Triptych title: Drunken Frolic under the Moon (Tsuki no Eishukyogi, 月の詠酒興戯)

Actors: Left sheet: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V, Arashi Jitohachi III, Onoe Kikujir˘ II, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Baiko IV, and Ichikawa Hirogor˘ I

Center sheet: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Nakayama Bungor˘ II, Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Arashi Kangor˘ I, Seki Sanjűr˘ III, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, and Band˘ Takesabur˘ I

Right sheet: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, ďtani Tomoemon IV, Ichikawa Kuz˘ II, Nakamura Kamenoj˘ I, Band˘ Shűka I, Ichimura Takenoj˘ V, and Nakamura Kantar˘

Date: 1850-1851 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu with shita-uri seal)

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

Actors relaxing, pub

A later state of the above design published by Mori-ya Jihei in the 6th month of 1857

Enshű-ya Hikobei

Mori-ya Jihei

Actors: Left sheet: Band˘ Shűka I, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Hataya Shichiemon, and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V in the painting as Fud˘ My˘˘

Center sheet: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Saruz˘ I, and Ichikawa Komaz˘ VII

Right sheet: Ichikawa Kuz˘ II, the child actor Ichikawa Akanbei, Ichikawa K˘z˘, and Ichikawa Mesuke (reading of given name, 眼助, uncertain)

Description: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII entertaining in his home, with a painting of his father, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, as Fud˘ My˘˘

Date: Late 1851 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu)

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

 

NOTE: This triptych depicts a recovery celebration following Danjűr˘ĺs illness of several months in mid-1851. áThe wall portrait represents both Fud˘ My˘˘ and Shoki, protectors from epidemics, and also alludes to Danjűr˘ĺs return performance in Genji Moy˘ furisada hinagata in the 9th month of 1851, where one of his characters is saved by Fud˘ My˘˘, the patron god of the Ichikawas and the Naritaya acting guild. áAmongst various other symbols, the three-tiered sake cups before Danjűr˘ are marked kotobuki (), meaning both congratulations and long life. áI am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image and information.

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state of the above design

Triptych title: A Selection of Spring Traffic (T˘sei haru ˘rai, 當盛春往來)

Actors: Left sheet: ?

Center sheet: ?

Right sheet: Otani Hiroemon V, Ichikawa Kuz˘ II, an unidentified actor, Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Sawamura Sojűr˘ V, Band˘ Shűka I, and Matsumoto Koshir˘ VI

Date: 1846-1848 (censors Muramatsu and Yoshimura)

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

A group of people in clothing

Description automatically generated with low confidence

Title: Snow, Moon and Flowers (月雪花之内, Getsusekka no uchi)

Subtitle: Flowers (, Hana)

Actors:

Date: 1846-1852

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘á

Triptych title: Old-fashioned Portraits Depending on the Moon (Tsuki no Yoru Mukashi Esugata, 月の影むかし絵姿)

Actors: Left sheet: Band˘ Hikosaburo IV, Band˘ Shűka I, and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII

Center sheet: Onoe Kikujir˘ II, Onoe Matsusuke III, and Nakamura Utaemon IV

Right sheet: Ichikawa Kuz˘ II, Ichikawa Hirogor˘ I, and Ichimura Uzaemon XII

Date: 1848-1849

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosuke

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

Sheet from another state of the above triptych

Triptych title: Rice from a Good Harvest (Honen no yone, 豊年の米) Illustrating the Conduct of Success (Atari furumai no zu, 当振舞之図)

Actors: Left sheet: Band˘ Takesabur˘ I, Morita Kanya XI, Ichikawa Hirogor˘ I, and Arashi Jitohachi III

Center sheet: Nakamura Aiz˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Nakamura Kamenoj˘ I, Iwai Kumesabur˘ IIIá

Right sheet: Ichimura Uzaemon XII, Onoe Kikujir˘ II, and Ichikawa Kodanji IV

Date: 1851

Publisher: Iba-ya Kyűbei

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate with differences in the kimono in the center panel.áá

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design with a solid red title cartouche.

Title: Scene of the Eastern Capital's Asakusa Temple Zuijin Gate (T˘to Asakusa Kinryűzan Zuijinmon no keizu, 東都浅草金龍山随神門之景図)

Description: Street scene of off-stage actors in front of the Nanbaya (難波屋), a teahouse bearing the name of a famous beauty often painted by Utamaro

Actors: Left sheet: Iwai Kumesabur˘ III (岩井粂三郎) and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII (市川団十郎)

Center sheet: Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV (坂東彦三郎) and Nakamura Utaemon IV (中村歌右衛門) 

Right sheet: Onoe Baik˘ IV (尾上梅幸) and Ichimura Uzaemon XII (市村羽左衛門)

Date: 1847-1850 (censors Mera and Murata)

Publisher: Iseyo of Owarich˘

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state with a different crest on the awning.á

Actors: Left sheet: Ichikawa Shinsha I, Ichikawa Komaz˘ IV, Ichikawa Jejűr˘ IV, and Ichikawa Kodanji IV

Center sheet: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Kuz˘ II, and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III

Right sheet: Ichikawa Hirogor˘ I, Ichikawa Saruz˘ I, and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V

Date: 3rd month of 1850

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosuke

Triptych title: Ry˘goku Bridge Fireworks Entertainment in the Evening Cool (Ry˘gokubashi yűsuzu hanabi k˘kei, 両国夕涼花火ノ光景)

Actors: Left sheet: ďtani Tomoemon IV, Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Onoe Baiko IV, Nakamura Tsurusuke I, and two unidentified actors

Center sheet: Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Kataoka Gad˘ II, and four unidentified actors

Right sheet: Nakamura Kantar˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Komaz˘ V, Band˘ Shűka I, Arashi Jitohachi III and an unidentified actor

Description: Actors enjoying fireworks at Ry˘goku Bridge

Date: 7th month of 1854

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘beiáá

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state with a solid green title cartouche.

Title: Picture of the crowds visiting Rokuhara Kanzeon in the precincts of Shiba Shinmeigu (芝神明宮境内にて六波羅観世音開帳参詣群衆の図)

Description: Actors off stage with beautiful women

Actors: Left sheet: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and an unidentified actor of the Band˘ line

Middle sheet: Morita Kanya, Band˘ Minosuke (?) and Iwai Hanshir˘ VI

Right sheet: Arashi Kamenoj˘ (?) and Sawamura Tossh˘ I

Date: 5th month of 1835

Publisher:

Title: Boats for Evening Cool between Bridge Piers (Hashima no suzumi bune)

Description: Off stage actor in a boat

Actor:

Date: c. 1842-1846 (censor Watanabe Sh˘emon)

Publisher: Wakau

Triptych title: Cherry Blossoms by Night in the Third Month (Yayoi no yo-zakura, 弥生之夜桜)

Actors: Band˘ Shűka I (right), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII as Shirai Gonpachi (center), and Onoe Baiko IV (left)

Date: 1847-1850 (censors Mera and Murata)

Publisher: Daikoku-ya Heikichi

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state with a solid red title cartouche.

Two sheets from another state of the above triptych

Diptych title: Eight Brides for the Only Son (Hitori musuko ni yome hachinin, 独息子 [ひとりむすこ] に嫁八人 [よめはちにん])

Actors: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII with his fans

Date: 1849 (censors Kinugasa and Yoshimura)

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hokobei

 

NOTE: The censorsĺ seals date this diptych to 1849, and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII died in 1854, therefore this cannot be a memorial print.

Actors: n

Date: 1849-1850 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu)

Publisher: Isech˘ (伊勢長)

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state without text

Title: Off-stage in the Home of Ebiz˘ V

Actors: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V holding a scroll with Naritasan (成田山) written on it and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII on his knees holding a Shinto offering tray

Date:á c. 1846-1852

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

 

NOTE: Actors from Edo often made pilgrimages to the Naritasan (成田山) Temple in Narita, where they prayed for advancement in their careers.á I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image, and to Lucienne Parkan and Horst Graebner for information about the print.

Actors: Left Sheet: Nakamura Kantar˘ as provincial samurai (kunizamurai) Kandayu (国侍勘太夫), Sawamura Sojűr˘ V as Suzuki Mondo (鈴木主水), Nakamura Kanemon as farmer Kan'emon (百性勘右衛門), Arashi Jitohachi III, and unidentified actors as youth Gensuke (若イ者源介), tsujin Sumitar˘ (通人住太郎), Sabpachi (三八), Kikuji (菊次), and Bonji (文次)

Center sheet: Band˘ Shuka I as Hashimotoya Shiraito (橋本や白糸), Nakamura Kamenoj˘ I as ďta (橋本やおうた), and unidentified actors as 若イ者善介, おだい and おつか

Right sheet: ďtani Tomoemon IV as 筑波根山平, Onoe Kikujir˘ II as Mondo nyobo Oyasu (主水女房おやす), Band˘ Matatar˘ as わか者又, and unidentified actors as おかん, おさん, and わか者成

Play: Sumidagawa tsui no kagamon (隅田川対高賀紋)

Date: 3rd month of 1852

Theater: Nakamura

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘bei

 

NOTE: This triptych shows the actors from Sumidagawa tsui no kagamon in a teahouse or brothel.

Title: Picture of the Stone Shrine Pilgrimage to ďyama Temple in Sagami Province (Sagami no kuni ďyama-dera sekison miya asayama zu, 相模国大山寺石尊宮朝山図)

Description: Hataya Shichiemon I, Ichimura Uzaemon XIII, Morita Kan'ya XI, Arashi Kangor˘ I, Ichikawa Danjur˘ VIII, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Ichikawa Kogor˘ I, Ichikawa Koraizo VII, Band˘ Mitsuemonka I, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Kataoka Gadanji II, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Arashi Otohachi III, Nakayama Ichiz˘ I, Band˘ Takesabur˘ I, Band˘ Sajűr˘ I, Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I, Nakamura Fukusuke I, ďtani Tomoemonka IV and others on pilgrimage

Date: 7th month of 1854

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for information about this triptych.

Title: A Lively Crowd Having Fun (誰身にも陽気のにぎわひ)

Description: Two actors in female roles (left), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII (center), and Ichikawa Kodanji IV (right) with street performers

Date: 1849-1852 (censors Hama and Magome)

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosukeá

Title: 士濃職商 七福神豊年遊

Description: Actors with gods of good fortune coming off a hanging scroll

Date: 1843-1846 (censor Muramatsu Genroku)

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

 

I am grateful to Julius TŘting and Robert Pryor for locating this image.

Title: Ky˘to... Actors Sightseeing at the Pavilion of Seasonal Flowers in Full Bloom (Ky˘to.... azumaya shiki hanamori haiyű yűran no zu, 京都中之郷薮之内蕎麦舗酔☆亭四季花盛俳優遊覧之図)

Actors: Left sheet: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV, Sawamura Tossh˘ I, and Iwai Shijaku I

Date: c. 1836

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Sh˘z˘

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.á

XKuniyoshi - (iris bridge) Actors Koshir˘ & Nakamura, Pub

Actors: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and Kataoka Ichiz˘ I

Date: c. 1832-1834

Publisher: Daikoku-ya

 

NOTE: The names on the banners in the left upper corner are, from left to right, Iwai Hanshir˘ (岩井半四郎), Kataoka Ichiz˘ (片岡市蔵), Sawamura Tossh˘ (澤村訥舛), Seki Sanjűr˘ (関三十郎), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ (坂東三津五郎), and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ (松本幸四郎).á The name on the building is Kinegawa Yakushi (J˘k˘ji Temple, 木下川薬師).á

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