Giga (戯画)

 

Giga (or giga-e) can be translated as comic prints or caricatures.á In this section, are prints having many human or anthropomorphic figures, singly or in pairs, with little or no interaction.á They are often signed ô一勇斎 国芳 戯画ö, which may be translated as ôplayfully drawn by Ichiyűsai Kuniyoshiö.á The series Illustrated Examples of Mad Sketches and Characters from the Wastepaper Basket would fall into this category.á These prints are each about 14 by 10 inches (36 by 25 centimeters), a size known as ˘ban.á

 

 

Title: All Sorts on New Amazing Pictures (新案 にたもの あきれるづくし, Shinan nitamo no akireru zukushi)

Date: c. 1841

Publisher:

Kuniyoshi - All Kinds of Frogs (Kaeru zukushi, c, 1842, pub

 Title: All Kinds of Frogs (Kaeru zukushiかゑるづくし)

Description: Frogs as famous heroes of the kabuki stage, clockwise from top right: Danshichi attacking Giheiji; the sum˘ match between Kawazu Sabur˘ and Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa; from Chushingura, Oboshi Rikiya defends his mother from Honzo as Yuranosuke watches; Nikki Danjo with Otokonosuke and the rat; and Asahina and Soga Gor˘ in the kusazuri biki, armor pulling scene

Date: c. 1842

PublisherKoshimura-ya Heisuke

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this drawing titled Novel Frog Games (Shinan kaeru no asobi, 新案 かへるのあそび), c. 1841-1842.

 

 

 

 

Title: A Fashionable Assortment of Thunder-gods (Ryuk˘ kaminari zukushi, 流光雷づくし)

Description: From right to left and top to bottom-

Lightning sharpening (Inazuma togi, 稲妻研ぎ); Big shower (Oyudachi, 大夕立); Rain dance (H˘nen odori, 豊年おどり); Drying thunder (making kanpyo [dried gourd strips], Kaminari boshi, 神鳴りぼし); Drumming tricks (Kyokuuchi, きょくうち); Coloring clouds (Kumo no saishiki, 雲のさいしき); Milling thunder (Usuhiki kaminari, うす引き); and I do not like thunder! (Kaminari kirai, 雷きらい)

Date: 1842

Publisherĺs seals: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘ (rectangle at bottom left) and Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘ (circle under double mountain under signature)

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image and information.

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state of the above design.

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Title: Utsushi-e, Japanese Phantasmagoria in Full Color by Toraku (Goku-zaishiki utsushi-e, Toraku)

Date: c. 1827-1830

Publisher:

 

NOTE: An utsushi (写し絵) is a traditional Japanese magic lantern show

 

Title: One Hundred People Outside Hokkaido (道外百人猩々)

Date: c. 1839

Publisher: No seal

 

Title: Comical Hand Games, a Collection of Folk Dances (Teasobi d˘ke yosakoi zukushi, 手遊道化 よさこいづくし)

Date: 8th month of 1858

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Title: Comical Hand Games, a Collection of Folk Dances (Teasobi d˘ke yosakoi zukushi, 手遊道化 よさこいづくし)

Date: 8th month of 1858

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Text: 狸がけぬき買に来た, お医者げいしやの供をする, 目くらが眼がねを買て行, かつぱがかつぱを買てゐる, 小町が田町でかごにのり, 天狗が年貢を取に行, 按摩がさんまをさげて行, 不動がぶどうを持てゐる, 喜撰が茶筌をあいします, 親仁がわらじを買て来, 雀が皷にとまつて居, はんにやがあんぎやにあるきます

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

Title: The 12 Zodiac Animals as Craftsmen (Jűnishi mitate shokunin zukushi, 十二支見立職人づくし)

Date: c. 1840

Publisher:

 

NOTE: The images are Rat () as wire mesh maker (金網師), Cow () as cartwright (車匠), Tiger () as bamboo worker (竹細工), Hare () as shipwright (船大工), Dragon () as indigo maker (玉師), Snake () as maigo-fuda (metal ID tags attached to children with their zodiac birth year, name, and address) engraver (迷子札彫師), Horse () as comb maker (鼈甲匠),

Sheep or Goat) () as hairdresser (髪結), Monkey() as tailor (股引仕立), Rooster () as karakuri (automata) maker (時計匠), Dog () as bowl maker (碗師), and Boar () as artificial flower maker (造花).á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for the images and information.

 

Title:

Description: craftsmen at workľmaster lumberjack (soma-shi, そま師), master matmaker (tatami-shi, 疂師), master bamboo weaver (kagozaiku-shi, 篭細工師), master cooper (okeya-shi, 桶屋師), master engraver (horimono-shi, ほり物師), master embroiderer (nuihaku-shi, ぬい伯師), master plasterer (sakan-shi, 左官師), and master bow maker (yumi-shi, 弓師).

Date: c. 1841-1842

Publisher: koga-ya katsugor˘

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for the image and information.á

Title:

Description: Birds performing a variety of kabuki scenes

Date: c. 1841

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

 

Title: The Seven Lucky Gods (Shichifukujin, 七福神)

Description: The seven lucky gods with children

Date: c. 1839-1842

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Jűz˘

Signature: Ichiyűsai Kuniyoshi giga ga (一勇斎 國芳 )

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

Title: Untitled

Description:

Left sheet, left to right and top to bottom: One head is enough for three fighting warriors (かしら一つにて徂討の武者三人にもちゆる); Saigy˘ and Moso, one of the 24 paragons of filial piety, with lantern, all sharing the same kasa hat, 廿四孝 西行 おとも); One set of legs makes four people (あしばかり一人もちいて四人にかわる); Boatman (せんどう); Road builder (道ぶしん); Nail driver (くぎうち); Warehouse man (力もち) Warehouse-man; Three share one demon head (鬼のかしら 一つにて三つにもちゆる); にもちゆる); Irabaki Doji (いばらき童子); Hokoku Doji (北こくのおに); Kaminari (神なり); One headed blind sumo match (かしら一つ ざとうのすもふ); and Three people with one head fighting (かしら一つにて三人のけんくは)

Right sheet, left to right and top to bottom: Two or five people (二つかしら五人); Two children (子供二人); Mating? Tengu (might also be missing an upper character, 天狗の?け合); Two people, Ch˘gor˘ and Ch˘kichi (famous sum˘ rivals in kabuki, 長五郎 長吉 二人); Three joined, two wrestlers and a toshiyori (sum˘ stable master) fight to a draw (すもふ二人 としより引分 つがう三人); Three pillow pullers (a form of hand strength wrestling using a wooden pillow block, まくら引三人); Matano Goro and Kawazu Sabur˘ (the famous historic wrestling match, 股野五郎 河津三郎); and Three people, the competitors and referee (取組 行司三人)

Date: c. 1841

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

 

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image and information.

Another state of the above diptych

Title: Yae kokonoe hana no sugatae, Onoe Tamiz˘ů (八重九重花姿絵, 尾上多見蔵相勤申候)

Description: Actors in various roles

Date: 1841

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei and Echizen-ya Heisabur˘

 

NOTE: These two sheets may not have been intended as a diptych.á They portray characters from two different plays that were performed together in the Nakamura Theater in the 7th month of 1841.á The right sheet shows Onoe Tamiz˘ II in eight roles he performed in the play Yae kokonoe hana no Sugata-e (八重九重花姿絵).á The left sheet shows Onoe Tamiz˘ II as Tenjiku Tokubei (天竺徳兵衛), Dainichimaru (大日丸), Tokubei (徳兵衛), Rokusaburo (六三郎), and as Saichiroĺs ghost (佐市郎死霊).á The left sheet also shows Onoe Eizabur˘ III (no role), Nakayama Genjűr˘ I as ?, and Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I as Oyama Tokijir (小山時五郎) in Tenjiku Tokubei banri no irifune (天竺徳兵衛万里入船).á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image and information.

Title: Fashionable Cats Juggling Balls (流行猫の曲鞠 on left sheet and 流行猫の曲手まり on right sheet)

Date: c. 1841

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

 

NOTE: This diptych is based on stunts performed by the juggler Kikukawa Kunimaru.á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.á

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state without any purple.

 

Title: Fashionable Cats Take on Actorsʼ Roles (流行猫の狂言づくし)

Description: Cats as actors in famous scenes from kabuki plays, with an actor bowing to address the audience in the right lower corner

Date: c. 1839

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

Title: Newly Published Childrenĺs Games (Shinpan kodomo asobi no uchi, 新版子供あそびの内)

Size: ďban about 10 by 14 inches (25 by 36 centimeters)

Description: Boys engaged in various tests of strength

Date: c. 1836-1838

Publisher: Ise-ya Rihei

 

NOTE: ôNewly published childrenĺs gamesö is the title of a series to which this print belongs.

Title: Crazy Pictures (Ky˘ga, 抂画)

Description: Minamoto Ushiwakamaru (源牛若丸) amused at the contests while Mutsu no Kami Hidehira (陸奥守秀衡) prepares a neck-wrestling band; Sakata no Kintoki (坂田金時) arm-wrestles with Urabe no Suetake (卜部 季武); Oda Harunaga (織田春長, Oda Nobunaga) cheers on Asahina (朝比奈) as he leg-wrestles with one of the Ashinaga (足長島, long leg islanders), cheered by the tiny islanders; Watanabe no Tsuna (渡邊綱) neck-wrestles with the Irabaki demon near the fallen kinsatsu board (禁札) of Hojo Temple as H˘j˘ Tokimasa (北條時政) referees and Tomoe Gozen (巴御前) watches; Nenoi Yukichika (根井大弥太) and Tosanobo Shoshun (土佐坊昌俊) wrestle next to a tetsubo; Satsuma-no-kami Tadanori (薩摩守忠度) and Musashibo Benkei (武蔵坊弁慶) take a neck-wrestling tumble; Shitenno Sato四王天左島) and Sato Masakiyo (加藤 清正, Kato Kiyomasa) get neck-wrestling wrong

Date: c. 1846-1848

Publisher:

 

NOTE: This diptych is signed Ichiyűsai Kuniyoshi giga ga (一勇斎 國芳戯 ).á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

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