Picture Book of Yin and Yang Parodies of Apparitions

(Ykai mitate in'y zukan, 妖怪見立陰陽画帖妖怪見立陰陽図鑑)

c. 1830


This album of ten unsigned paintings of male and female genitalia in the guise of various ghosts and demons is generally attributed to Kuniyoshi. The title contains a pun. The kanji and may also be read as female and male genitalia, respectively. Some of the images are similar to images in Kuniyoshis print series Ghost Stories: Night Procession of the Hundred Demons. These paintings are not listed in in Heroes and Ghosts: Japanese Prints by Kuniyoshi by Robert Schaap (Hotei Publishing, Leiden, 1998). However, four of them are reproduced in Japanese Shunga of Kuniyoshi by Yoshihiko Shirakura (Heibonsha Ltd., Tokyo, 2012). The paintings are each about 10 by 7 inches (25 by 18 centimeters), a size known as chban. I am grateful to Robert Pryor for assisting with this section.



The disfigured Kasane, who had been murdered by her husband Yoemon



Fujiwara no Sanekata, a famous Heian Era poet and politician, following an argument with Fujiwara no Yukinari he was sent to Mutsu Province (a backwater) and died soon after (in a riding accident). His vengeful spirit in the form of a sparrow returned to haunt the capital.



mori Hikoshichi and the vengeful spirit of Masashige Kusunoki, which had manifested as a demon woman. The former had defeated the latter at the Battle of Minotagawa.



Probably related to the many ghostly couple stories based on, or similar to, the noh play The Brocade Branch (Nishikigi, 錦木)




The Hag of Adachigahara, who was reputed to eat humans


A penis skeleton menaces a woman who has come onto a veranda at night.


Umibzu, the Sea Monk, a large demon that emerged from the sea to haunt ships



Watanabe no Tsuna, disguised as a kasa-obake (umbrella demon) and the Irabaki demon at Hj Temple. The sign reads prohibited (kinsatsu, 禁札).


Probably the monk Sj, who taught military arts to Ushiwaka-maru (the young Yoshitsune) at Kuramayama


Raigos spirit turning into a rat