The 108 Heroes of the Popular Suikoden, Part I

 

(Tsűzoku Suikoden g˘ketsu hyaku-hachi-nin no hitori, 通俗水滸傳濠傑百八人一個)

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

1827-1830, with a few later

 

This is Kuniyoshiĺs ôgreatö Suikoden seriesŚthe series that made him famous.á These prints are the first single-sheet color prints on the Suikoden theme 1 and the first large series of warrior prints designed by any ukiyo-e artist.á It is based on stories from the semi-historical Chinese novel, Suikoden (Shuihu zhuan in Chinese).á It tells of the adventures of a band of 108 rebels who sought refuge in the margins of Liangshan Marsh.á These rebel warriors sought to protect the poor and downtrodden, very much like Robin Hoodĺs band.á The prints are each about 14 by 10 inches (36 by 25 centimeters), a size known as ˘ban.

 

Japanese name: Bizenk˘ Shut˘ (美鬚公朱仝)

Chinese name: Zhu Tong

Scene: Bizenk˘ Shut˘, an iron truncheon in his mouth, tying his girdle on some steps under a brocade curtain

Robinson: S2.1

Klompmakers: 15

 

Japanese names: Bokuten˘ Ri˘ (撲天雕李應) and Botsusharan Bokk˘ (設遮攔穆弘)

Chinese names: Li Ying and Mu Hong

Scene: Bokuten˘ Ri˘ wielding a mace with a chained weight, and Botsusharan Bokk˘, with tattooed back, preparing to make a sword-stroke

Robinson: S2.2

Klompmakers: 39c

Japanese name: Gyokkirin Roshungi

Chinese name: Lu Junyi

Scene: Gyokkirin Roshungi, armored, raising his sword with both hands

Robinson: S2.17

Klompmakers: 39b

Japanese name: Sekibakki Ryűt˘

Chinese name: Liu Tang

Scene: Sekibakki Ryűt˘ armored and raising his sword for a stroke

Robinson: S2.59

Klompmakers: 39a

 

Japanese names: Botaichű Kodais˘ (母大顧大嫂蟲) and Shini And˘zen (神醫安道全)

Chinese names: The goodwife Gu and An Daoquan

Scene: Botaichű Kodais˘ having her wounded arm attended to by the aged physician Shini And˘zen

Robinson: S2.3

Klompmakers: 41

 

Japanese name: Botsu-usen Ch˘sei (沒羽箭張清)

Chinese name: Zhang Qing

Scene: Botsu-usen Ch˘sei, armored on a plunging horse, throwing stones out of a bag

Robinson: S2.4

Klompmakers: 49b

Japanese name: Dait˘ Kwansh˘

Chinese name: Guan Sheng

Scene: Dait˘ Kwansh˘, fully armored, using the butt of his enormous glaive to parry stones flung by Botsu-usen Ch˘sei at the Battle of T˘sh˘fu

Robinson: S2.14

Klompmakers: 49a

 

Japanese name: Boyasha Sonjir˘ (母夜叉孫二娘)

Chinese name: The goodwife Sun

Scene: Boyasha Sonjir˘, the Amazon, binding an opponent whom she has overthrown together with his horse in the snow; she was the wife of Saiyenshi Ch˘sei

Robinson: S2.5

Klompmakers: 45

 

 

Japanese name: Gy˘ja Bush˘ (清河縣之産武松)

Chinese name: Wu Song

Scene: Gy˘ja Bush˘ of Seika-ken, brown-skinned and half-naked, killing a huge tiger with his bare fists at the hill of Keiy˘

Robinson: S2.6

Klompmakers: 16

 

 

Japanese name: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű (病關索楊雄)

Chinese name: Yang Xiong

Scene: By˘kwansaku Y˘yű, a sword between his teeth, simultaneously strangling his unfaithful wife and her maid

Robinson: S2.7

Klompmakers: 24

 

 

Japanese names: By˘taichű Setsuyei and Sh˘sharan Bokushun (小遮攔穆春, 病大蟲薛永)

Chinese names: Xue Yong and Mu Chun

Scene: By˘taichű Setsuyei, wearing a loincloth and tattooed, in a furious bare-fisted struggle with Sh˘sharan Bokushun

Robinson: S2.8

Klompmakers: 20

 

 

Japanese name: By˘-utsuchi Sonryű (病蔚遅孫立)

Chinese name: Sun Li

Scene: By˘-utsuchi Sonryű, grasping a foe by the scruff of his neck, threatens him with his drawn sword

Robinson: S2.9

Klompmakers: 26

 

Japanese name: Waikyakko ďyei

Chinese name: Wang Ying

Scene: Waikyakko ďyei on a rock overhanging a torrent, a drawn sword in his hand

Robinson: S2.74

Klompmakers: 17b

Japanese name: Chinsanzan K˘shin (鎮三山)

Chinese name: Huang Xin

Scene: Chinsanzan K˘shin, bestriding a rock, feels the edge of his sword

Robinson: S2.10

Klompmakers: 17a

 

Japanese name: Chicasei Goy˘ (智多星吴用)

Chinese name: Wu Yong

Scene: Chicasei Goy˘, robed and making a magic gesture with his right hand, standing by a celestial globe and quadrant

Robinson: S2.11

Klompmakers: 9

 

Japanese name: Ch˘kanko Chintatsu (跳澗虎陳達)

Chinese name: Chen Da

Scene: Ch˘kanko Chintatsu, in full armor and armed with a spear, falling headlong from his black horse

Robinson: S2.12

Klompmakers: 3c

Japanese name: Kyumonry˘ Shishin

Chinese name: Shi Jin

Scene: Kyumonry˘ Shishin seated on a vanquished adversary , parrying a flying sword

with his pole

Robinson: S2.42

Klompmakers: 3b

 

 

Japanese name: Hakkwaja Y˘shun and Jinkigunshi Shubu

Chinese name: Yang Chun and Zhu Wu

Scene: Hakkwaja Y˘shun on horseback with a spear; Jinkigunshi Shubu in front of him in long robes holding a feather fan

Robinson: S2.18

Klompmakers: 3a

NOTE: This is a first state triptych.

 

A later edition of S2.12 with the seal of the publisher Iba-ya Sensabur˘ on the lower portion of the print

 

Japanese name: Chűsenko Teitokuson (中箭虎丁得孫)

Chinese name: Ding Desun

Scene: Chűsenko Teitokuson driving his sword with both hands into an enormous serpent

Robinson: S2.13

Klompmakers: 60

 

 

Japanese name: Dait˘ Kwansh˘

Chinese name: Guan Sheng

Scene: Dait˘ Kwansh˘, fully armored, using the butt of his enormous glaive to parry stones flung by Botsu-usen Ch˘sei at the Battle of T˘sh˘fu

Robinson: S2.14

Klompmakers: 49a

 

NOTE: See S2.4 above for complete diptych.

 

Japanese name: Dakosh˘ Richű (打虎將李忠)

Chinese name: Li Zhong

Scene: Dakosh˘ Richű in armor holding a spear, a bare-chested retainer kneeling before him

Robinson: S2.15

Klompmakers: 4

 

Japanese names: Dokkakuryű Sűjun (獨角龍鄒潤) and S˘kokatsu Kaih˘ (雙尾蠍解寶)

Chinese names: Zou Run and Xie Bao

Scene: Dokkakuryű Sűjun, with gun and trophies of the chase, whispers to S˘kokatsu

Kaih˘, who holds a bamboo pole from which lanterns are suspended; they are about to enter the castle of Peking to rescue their imprisoned comrades

Robinson: S2.16

Klompmakers: 42

 

Japanese name: Gyokkirin Roshungi (玉麒麟盧俊義)

Chinese name: Lu Junyi

Scene: Gyokkirin Roshungi, armored, raising his sword with both hands

Robinson: S2.17

Klompmakers: 39b

 

NOTE: See S2.2 above for complete triptych

 

Japanese names: Hakkwaja Y˘shun and Jinkigunshi Shubu

Chinese names: Yang Chun and Zhu Wu

Scene: Hakkwaja Y˘shun on horseback with a spear; Jinkigunshi Shubu in front of him in long robes holding a feather fan

Robinson: S2.18

Klompmakers: 3a

 

NOTE: This is a later state than the complete first state triptych illustrated under S2.12 above

 

Japanese name: Hakujisso Hakush˘ (白日鼠白勝)

Chinese name: Bai Sheng

Scene: Hakujisso Hakush˘, bare-chested and tattooed, lifting a box of snakes above a foe with whom he is struggling; several snakes have escaped and writhe over him

Robinson: S2.19

Klompmakers: 21

 

 

Japanese name: Hakumenr˘kun Teitenju (白面郎君鄭天壽)

Chinese name: Zheng Tianshou

Scene: Hakumenr˘kun Teitenju in full armor levering a mass of rock with an iron bar; a flight of arrows descends behind him

Robinson: S2.20

Klompmakers: 55

 

 

Japanese name: Hitentaisei Rikon (飛天大聖李)

Chinese name: Li Gun

Scene: Hitentaisei Rikon in armor, holding a long-handled axe, scanning the landscape from a lofty rock

Robinson: S2.21

Klompmakers: 37

 

 

Japanese name: H˘tenrai (or K˘tenrai) Ry˘shin (轟天雷凌震)

Chinese name: Ling Zhen

Scene: H˘tenrai Ry˘shin, in armor, discharging a huge cannon, the flaming linstock in his hand

Robinson: S2.22

Klompmakers: 31

 

Japanese name: Mochakuten Tosen

Chinese name: Du Qian

Scene:, right arm and shoulder bare, draws his sword from behind his back

Robinson: S2.46

Klompmakers: 13c

 

Japanese name: Hy˘shit˘ Rinchű (豹子頭林沖)

Chinese name: Lin Chong

Scene: Hy˘shit˘ Rinchű, in voluminous robes, grasps a foe by the throat, a drawn sword in his other hand

Robinson: S2.23

Klompmakers: 13b

Japanese name: Tammeijir˘ (or Tanmeijir˘) Gensh˘go (短冥治郎阮小五)

Chinese name: Du Qian

Scene: Tammeijir˘ Gensh˘go, bare-chested, kneels on a fallen foe, a drawn sword in his hand

Robinson: S2.70

Klompmakers: 13a

 

Japanese name: Jinkigunshi Shubu (神機軍師朱武)

Chinese name: Zhu Wu

Scene: Jinkigunshi Shubu, bareheaded and wearing a gorgeous robe of brocade, puts a small demon to flight with his magical sword

Robinson: S2.24

Klompmakers: 2

 

 

Japanese name: Seishushosei Sh˘j˘ (聖手書生蕭讓)

Chinese name: Xiao Rang

Scene: Seishushosei Sh˘j˘, a sword suspended in his teeth, descending the wall of Peking Castle by a rope in the moonlight

Robinson: S2.58

Klompmakers: 53a

 

Japanese name: Jinky˘taih˘ Tais˘ (神行太保戴宗)

Chinese name: Dai Zong

Scene: Jinky˘taih˘ Tais˘, with a discomfited foe at the base of a castle wall, holds the rope

Robinson: S2.25

Klompmakers: 53b

 

NOTE: This vertical diptych was published about 1836, several years after the other prints in this series.

1 Klompmakers, Inge, ôKuniyoshiĺs Tattooed Heroes of the Suikodenö, Andon, No. 87, 2009, p. 18

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

ôKlompmakersö refers to listing in Of Brigands and Bravery, Kuniyoshi's Heroes of the Suikoden by Inge Klompmakers (Hotei Publishing, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1998).á

 

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