Warrior triptychs

1845, Part I

 

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T145)%20Under%20the%20direction%20of%20Takeshiuchi-no-sukune%20Japanese%20troops%20lever%20an%20enormous%20rock%20over%20a%20precipice%20above%20a%20Korean%20city,%20005-1192%20to%20005-1194

Title: Nin-˘ jűgo-dai Jing˘ K˘g˘ Sankan seibatsu Takenouchi etc. (The Conquest of Three Countries in Old Korea, 人皇十五代神功皇后三韓征伐武内大臣が智勇諸城を落す図)

Description: Under the direction of Takeshiuchi-no-sukune Japanese troops lever an enormous rock over a precipice above a Korean city

Publisher: Nomura-ya Tokubei

Date: 1845

Robinson: T145

Kuniyoshi - (T146) The Battle of Kurikaradani on June 2, 1183- Kagekiyo, Tomoye-gozen and Yoshinaka struggling with Tomonori; behind, the Taira troops falling over the cliff

Title: The Battle of Kurikaradani (倶利伽羅谷合戦)

Description: The Battle of Kurikaradani on June 2, 1183: Kagekiyo, Tomoe-gozen and Yoshinaka struggling with Tomonori; behind, the Taira troops falling over the cliff

Publisher: Kagi-ya Hanjir˘

Date: 1845

Robinson: T146

Title: Daimotsu-no-ura Yoshitsune shűjű etc.

Description: The Taira ghosts rising from the sea to attack Yoshitsuneĺs ship

Publisher: Kiyomizu-ya

Date: 1845

Robinson: T147

Title: Chű-k˘-gi-yű: oji no ada-uchi (忠孝義勇: 伯父仇討)

Description: Yasubeiĺs revenge on Murakami Sh˘emon and his men for the death of his uncle, watched by his mother and sister

Publisher: Ise-ya Ichibei

Date: 1845

Robinson: T148

 

NOTE: This print is illustrated as Fig. 30 on pages 30 and 31 in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982).á However, it is erroneously labeled as triptych 213.

Title: Ushiwaka Maru ďshű no kin-akibito to tomo ni gek˘ no etc.

Description: Ushiwaka Maru, traveling to Mutsu with Kichiji the gold-merchant, has his sandals removed at the inn where he was later attacked by Ch˘han and his gang

Publisher: Sumiyoshi-ya Masagor˘

Date: 1845

Robinson: T149

Title: Benkei ga yűriki tawamure ni Miidera no tsurigane wo Hieizan e hikioguru zu

Description: Benkei dragging off the great bell of Miidera, watched by Yoshitsune in the background

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

Date: 1845

Robinson: T150

Title: Yoshitsune and his Nineteen Chief Retainers (Yoshitsune no jűku-shin, 義経十九臣)

Description: The names of the retainers listed on top from right to left are:

Kumai Tar˘ Tadamoto (熊井 太郎 忠基)

Kamada T˘ji Mitsumasa (鎌田 藤次 光政)

Sugime Kotar˘ Yukinobu (杉目 小太郎 行信)

Hori Yatar˘ Tomot˘ ( 弥太郎 遠基)

Suzuki Sabur˘ Shigekiyo (鈴木 三郎 重清)

Suruga Jir˘ Kiyoshige (駿河 次郎 清重)

Ise Sabur˘ Yoshimori (伊勢 三郎 義盛)

Sat˘ Sabur˘ Tsuginobu (佐藤 三郎 嗣信)

Hitachi-b˘ Kaison (佐藤 三郎 嗣信)

Kur˘ Hangan Minamoto no Yoshitsune (九郎 判官 義経)

Musashi-b˘ Benkei (武蔵坊 弁慶)

Sat˘ Shir˘ Tadanobu (佐藤 四郎 忠信)

Kamei Rokur˘ Narikiyo (亀井 六郎 成清)

Kataoka Hachir˘ Tsuneharu (片岡 八郎 経春)

Masuo Gon-no-kami Kanefusa (増尾 權頭 兼房)

Eda Genz˘ Hirotsugu (江田 源三 廣次)

Washio Sabur˘ Yoshihisa (鷲尾 三郎 義久)

Kuroi Tar˘ Tsunekiyo (黒井 太郎 経清)

Akai T˘da Todaharu (赤井 藤太 忠春)

Mimmaya Kisanda Sadakiyo (御厩 喜三太 定清)

Publisher: Nuno-Kichi

Date: 1845

Robinson: T151

Another state of the above triptych

Title: Heike no ichimon ikusa kado-ide no shuen Tomomori etc.

Description: The great feast of the Taira before going to war, with Tomomori dancing (center)

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: 1845

Robinson: T152

Title: Battle at Ikutamori between the Taira Clan and the Minamoto Clan (Ikuta-no-mori oite Gempei ˘-kassen..., 山口屋藤兵衛 錦耕堂、のち春錦堂 文化~明治)

Description: Kajiwara Kagesue in the forest of Ikuta, having lost his helmet, defends himself against several Taira warriors under an old plum tree; in the background his father Kagetoki rides to his assistance

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘bei (ト山口)

Date: 1845

Robinson: T153

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state with a dark foreground.

Title: Kawanakajima ˘-kassen: Kenshin no kuruma-gakari wo mite (川中島大合戦 謙信の車懸りを見つけ勘助備を立直す図)

Description: Kansuke reporting Kenshinĺs movements to Shingen, surrounded by his staff on the river-bank

Publisher: Sano-ya Kihei

Date: 1845

Robinson: T154

Another state of the above design

Title: Taira no Kiyomori Yoshitomo wo horobosu sono sh˘ Tokiwa wakagimi wo etc.

Description: Tokiwa-gozen and her children brought before Kiyomori

Publisher: Ebisu-ya Shokichi (Robinson read this publisherĺs seal as ôYebi-Neö)

Date: 1845

Robinson: T155

 

NOTE: Kiyomori resembles actor Nakamura Utaemon IV who played this role in the kabuki play Gempei Soga at the Nakamura Theatre at the beginning of 1845.

Title: Sesshűi Ichi-no-tani Gempei kassen no zu

Description: The fight on the seashore at Ichi-no-tani with the Taira fleet out in the bay on March 21, 1184

Publisher: Yahata-ya Sakujir˘ (called ôHachiö by Robinson)

Date: 1845

Robinson: T156

Title: Kenkyű gwan-nen Udaish˘ Yoritomo sh˘raku no go Nanto T˘daiji (建久元年右大将頼朝上洛の後南都東大寺)

Description: The attempted arrest of Kagekiyo in the courtyard of T˘daiji Temple at Nara

Publisher: Hayashi-ya Sh˘gor˘

Date: 1845

Robinson: T157

T157

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this variant of the above design.

This altered reprint of the above design, also published by Hayashi-ya Sh˘gor˘, is dated the 7th month of 1858.

Title: Kenkyű yo-nen go-gwatsu Minamoto no Yoritomo-k˘ Fuji no Susono nite etc.

Description: Soga Jur˘ dancing before Kud˘ Suketsune in 1193

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosuke

Date: 1845

Robinson: T158

Another state of the above triptych

 

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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