Warrior triptychs

1849-1852, Part I

 

Kuniyoshi - (T214) 201-2918 to 201-2920

Title: Tametomo wa rôdô amata meshitsure etc.

Description: Tametomo watches his henchman Oniyasha shouldering a stranded boat off a rock

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tôbei

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T214

Kuniyoshi - (T215) Shigekiyo battling with a black bear in the snow

Title: Yoshitsune kôshin: shitennô shusse kagami no uchi: Kamei Rokurô (義経功臣: 四天王出世鑑之内: 亀井六郎)

Description: Kamei Rokurô Shigekiyo (亀井六郎重清) making his debut as one of Yoshitsune’s retainers by fighting a black bear in the snow, watched by Gen Yoshitsune (源義經) and other retainers

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T215

Title: Hyôe-no-suke Yoritomo-dono Jishô yo-nen no aki etc.

Description: The gathering of Yoritomo’s troops before the Battle of Ishibashiyama on September 14, 1180

Publisher: Jôshû-ya Kinzô

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T216

 

NOTE: The horizontal format (yoko-e) is unusual for Kuniyoshi’s warrior prints.  It is likely that there is a missing sheet on the left that would place the text and the main figure (Yoritomo) in the center of a triptych.  I am grateful to Ole Albæk Pedersen for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T217) Kagesue, Takatsuna and Shigetada fording the Ujigawa

Title: Battle at Ujigawa (Ujigawa kassen no zu, 宇治川合戦之図)

Description: The rival generals swimming the Uji River to attack Yoshinaka: Takatsuna (center), Kagesue (left) and Shigetada (further off to the right) at sunset

Publisher: Enshû-ya Hikobei

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T217

Kuniyoshi - (T217) Kagesue, Takatsuna and Shigetada fording the Ujigawa (green)

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T218)  Asahina Saburô Yoshihide in his mortal struggle with two giant crocodiles on the seashore

Title: Kamakura Shôgun Yori-ie-kyô Kotsubo-no-hama ni ryôsen to etc.

Description: Asahina Saburô Yoshihide (朝比奈三郎義秀) struggling with two crocodiles at Kotsubo Beach, watched by the Shôgun Yori-ie from a rock, with Mt. Fuji in the background

Publisher: Shimizu-ya Tsunejirô (called Kiyomizu-ya Tsunejirô by Robinson)

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T218

Kuniyoshi - (T219)  probably Yoshikado (center), and his sister Takiyasha (right) with their gang in the old temple where they lived

Title: Shôgun Tarô Yoshikado mikata no sei wo atsumuru zu

Description: The gathering of Yoshikado, his sister Takiyasha, the old retainer Iga Jutarô and their gang in the old temple

Publisher: Sawamura-ya Rihei

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T219

 

NOTE: Although published in 1849-1850, Kuniyoshi drew this design about 1835, and it is similar to triptych T111.  I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T220) Sasaki Moritsuna on horseback crossing the Inland Sea

Title: Banshû Sodegawa-jiri Fujito hama Sasaki Moritsuna etc.

Description: Sasaki Moritsuna and his troops fording the Inland Sea at sunrise to attack the Taira at Kojima Castle in Bizen on November 1, 1184

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tôbei

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T220

Kuniyoshi - (T221) Minamoto Yoshitsune trying to retreive lost bow from water with Heike soldiers trying to catch him

Title: Yoshitsune kyû-ryû no zu

Description: Yoshitsune (bottom center) recovering his bow from the sea at the Battle of Yashima

Publisher: Hayashi-ya Shôgorô

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T221

 

This triptych may be placed side-by-side with T256 to form a six-sheet composition:

Kuniyoshi - (T221 & T256)

Kuniyoshi - (T222) Battle of Dan no Ura, Yoshitsune’s leap, 1849-50

Title: Picture of the Battle of Dan-no-ura (Dan-no-ura ô-kassen no zu, 壇ノ浦大合戦之圖)

Description: Yoshitsune’s leap at the Battle of Dan-no-ura with Noritsune leaping after him

Publisher: Tsuta-ya Umejirô

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T222

pub

Title:

Description:

Publisher: inside star, read as “Wo” or “O”

Date: c. 1849-1850

Robinson: T222a (not in Robbinson)

 

This triptych also exists with the seal of the publisher Izumi-ya Ichibei.  I am grateful to Ole Albæk Pedersen for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T223) betrothal of Tametomo & Shiranui-hime before her father Aso no Saburo Taira no Tadakuni  (Higo no kuni Aso no Kori Aso no Saburo Taira no Tadakuni Shiranui-hime Tadakuni)

Title: Higo no kuni Aso no kôri Aso no Saburô Taira no Tadakuni etc.

Description: The betrothal of Tametomo (right) and Shiranui-hime (left) before her father Aso Tadakuni in the time of cherry blossom 

Publisher: Ise-ya Kanekichi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T223

Kuniyoshi - (T224) Obaka shukuyo uchi no zu - Benkei and Yoshitsune, 201-2872 to 201-2874

Title: Obaka shuku yo-uchi no zu (大墓宿夜討之圖, Night Attack on the Ohaka Inn)

Description: Ushiwaka Maru engaging Kumasaka Chôhan and his gang at the inn with a flaming torch flying through the air

Publisher: Amatsu

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T224

Kuniyoshi - (T224) Obaka shukuyo uchi no zu - Benkei and Yoshitsune (red cartouche)

A later printing of the above design with the cartouche in the right upper corner having a solid red background

Kuniyoshi - (T225) Sasaki Shirô Takatsuna Crosses the Uji River

Title: Untitled

Description: The fording of the Uji River: Hatakeyama Shigetada, Sasaki Shirô Takatsuna and Kajiwara Genda Kagesue

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T225

 

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T226) Confusion in the Taira camp at Ichi-no-tani caused by Yoshitsune's descent of Hiyodori-goye; Naozane calling after Atsumori (left), pub

Title: Ichi-no-tani ô-kassen no zu

Description: Confusion in the Taira camp at Ichi-no-tani caused by Yoshitsune’s descent of Hiyodori-goe (right): Naozane calling after Atsumori (left) and Munemori escorting the women to safety (center) 

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T226

 

NOTE: A later edition has a solid red cartouche (without design) in the right upper corner and several other color changes. I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T227) pub

Title: Untitled

Description: In a mountainous landscape, Matano Gorô Kagehisa, half-naked on a rock is angrily gesturing to Sanada Yoichi Yoshitada who is mounted and in hunting costume (left); Yoshitsune and his followers are seated (right)

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijirô

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T227

Kuniyoshi - (T228)  Mukwan no Tayû Atsumori & Kumagaye Jirô Naozane, 1850   100-4767 to 100-4769

Title: Untitled

Description: The Battle of Ichi-no-tani: Naozane (left) calling to Atsumori (center); on shore, Hirayama Sueshige fighting (right), and behind him Tadanori slain by Okabe Rokuyata Tadazumi with the Taira fleet off shore

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T228

Kuniyoshi - (T229) The Battle of Yashima; fight on the shore, with the Taira fleet in the offing, pub

Title: Yashima ô-kassen (八島大合戦, The Battle of Yashima)

Description: The Battle of Yashima; fight on the shore, with the Taira fleet in the offing.  Naozane and Atsumori (center) locked in struggle fall from their horses with Tajima no Kami Tsunemasa mounted and Matsudaira Norimori wrestling with Minamoto no Yoshiyasu (right)

Publisher: This triptych exists with the seals of Ebi-ya Rinnosuke and also with the seals of Maru-ya Jinpachi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T229

 

NOTE: Naozane and Atsumori actually fought during the Battle of Ichi-no-tani, not the Battle of Yashima.  I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T229) The Battle of Yashima; fight on the shore, with the Taira fleet in the offing, pub

Another state of the above design with the seal of the publisher Maru-ya Jinpachi ( [jin] within a circle) and a yellow title cartouche in the right upper corner.

Kuniyoshi - (T230) The Battle of Yashima- Yoshitsune's leap, with Noritsune shaking his fist (left) and a general melee (right) in which Benkei and Kikuô Maru are prominent

Title: Yashima ô-kassen (The Battle of Yashima)

Description: The Battle of Yashima: Yoshitsune’s leap, with Noritsune shaking his fist (left) and a general melee (right) in which Benkei and Kikuô Maru are prominent

Publisher: Identified as Ise-Gen in Robinson, but as Ise-ya Bunshichi in Publishers of Japanese Woodblock Prints: A Compendium by Andreas Marks (2011, Hotei Publishing, Leiden)

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T230

Kuniyoshi - (T231) Battle of Kawanakajima 72k12f

Title: Kawanakajima kassen: Kenshin no shaki

Description: Uesugi Kenshin charging at the head of a wedge formation of his troops at the Battle of Kawanakajima

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T231

Kuniyoshi - (T232) Miyamoto Musashi being shown a magic glass by an eccentric stranger at a post-station on the road 005-0910, 005-0911 & 005-0915

Title: Miyamoto Musashi michi ni ijin ni yotte... (宮本無三四道に異人...)

Description: Miyamoto Musashi being shown a magic glass by an eccentric stranger at a post-station on the road

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijirô

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T232

Image2

Title: Hakkenden chûyû soroi (The Loyal Heroes from the Legend of the Eight Dog Warriors, 八犬伝忠勇揃)

Description: Group of Fuse-hime and the eight Dog Heroes of Bakin’s novel “Hakkenden

Publisher: Sa-Yo

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T233

“Robinson” refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

 

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