Miscellaneous religious prints

Japan has a long tradition of humorous depictions of Buddhist deities, which meshed well with Kuniyoshiĺs sense of satire.á He is known to have been an adherent of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.á Unless otherwise indicated, these prints are each about 14 by 10 inches (36 by 25 centimeters), a size known as ˘ban.

 

Title: Untitled

Description: The seven gods of good luck

Date:

Publisher:

 

NOTE: This prints is exactly as shown, simulating a painting mounted on silk as a hanging scroll.á It measures about 14 by 5 inches (36 by 13 centimeters), a size known as chűtanzakuban.

 

Title:

Description: A large crowd of noisy people coming to pray to Datsueba, which is too much for her to hear

Date: 1846-1848

Publisher: Izutsu-ya Sh˘kichi

 

 

 

Title: Comic Ken in Asakusaĺs Okuyama (D˘ke Asakusa Okuyama ken)

Description: Enma, Asahina and Datsueba playing the game of ken

Date: 1847

Publisher: Yahata-ya Sakujir˘

Linhart: 13/10018

 

 

Title:

Description: Okina Inari and Datsueba

Date: c. 1849

Publisher: Tama-ya S˘suke

á

Title: Enoshima Benzaiten

Description: The goddess Benzaiten in Enoshima with gold coins

Date:

Publisher:

 

Title: Ryűk˘ oba-san negai j˘ju

Description: A man praying to a reclining Datsueba

Date: c. 1849

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

 

Title: Shibuya Kuritsu Sh˘t˘ Bijutsukan, Ukiyoeshitachi no shinbutsu

Description:

Date: 1846-1852

Publisher: Izutsu-ya Sh˘kichi

 

 

 

Title:

Description: The Great Image of Buddha at Nara and the Tiny Image of Kannon (goddess of mercy) at Asakusa

Date:

Publisher:

 

Title: Datsueba no negoto

Description: Datsueba hearing prayers

Date: c. 1849

Publisher: Kiyoimizu-ya Naojir˘

 

Title: None

Description: Datsueba hearing prayers

Date: 1849-1851 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu)

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

 

Title: Comic ken zake at Okuyama iná Asakusa (Asakusa Okuyama d˘ke kenzake)

Description: Enma and Asahina playing the game of ken-zake

Date: 4th month of 1847

Publisher: Yahata-ya Sakujir˘

Linhart: 14/10006

 

Title: Grandma and a Foreigner (Jiisan basan ket˘jin)

Description: The Inari deity, Datsueba, and a bearded barbarian from China playing ken

Date: 4th month of 1849

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Linhart: 51/10143

 

Title:

Description: The god Fud˘-my˘˘ (不動明王) and priest Yűten (祐天)

Date: 1854

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘

 

 

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good fortune

Date: 1830s-1846

Publisher: Ise-ya Sanjir˘

 

NOTE: This must be one sheet from a diptych or triptych showing all seven gods of good fortune.

 

Title:

Description: Okina Inari and Datsueba are neck wrestling (kubihiki) while foxes and horses cheer

Date: 1849

Publisher: Tama-ya S˘suke

 

NOTE: This print is a horizontal ˘ban, about 10 by 14 inches (25 by 36 centimeters)

Title: The Transfer Ceremony at Ise Shrine (Ise Daijin miya-utsushi, 伊勢太神宮遷御之圖)

Date: 1849 (censors Yoshimura and Kinugasa)

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

 

NOTE: This print is a horizontal ˘ban, about 10 by 14 inches (25 by 36 centimeters).á I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title:

Description: Pilgrims to ďyama Come Across Pilgrims to Mt. Fuji at the Gate of Takanawa

Date: 1834-1835

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good fortune in a ship

Date: c. 1839

Publisher: Ch˘ (phonetic reading of )

 

NOTE: This triptych bears the signatures of Kuniyoshi, Kunisada and Eisen

Title:

Description:

Date:

Publisher:

Title: Daruma on the Shelf Teaches Us the Signs of Future Events (Tana no daruma, Satori no kuchimoto)

Description:

Date: 8th month of 1858

Publisher: Enshűy-a Hikobie

This is the original drawing for the above diptych

Title: Untitled (a view of Hell)

Description: In the center sits Enma (or Emma), King of Hell, dressed as a Chinese official, flanked by his minions. He sits in judgment, deciding whether the deceased had been good or bad. Those found wanting are shown being boiled, crushed, burnt or having their tongues pulled out.

Date: c. mid 1830ĺs

Publisher: Yorozu-ya Magobei (yellow rectangle in left-lower corner)

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good luck

Date: 1856

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Title:

Description: A group of actors on their way to Oji Shrine (Inari jinja) on New Yearĺs day

Date: c. 1815-1816

Publisher:

Title: Parody of Buddhaĺs 16 Disciples (Mitate jűroku rakan)

Description: The title of the triptych Mitate jūroku rakan (Parody of the 16 disciples of Buddha) is a pun on words alluding to the beautiful men who are staying in the brothels forever. The triptych illustrates 29 densely packed figures consisting of Buddhaĺs disciples (arhat, rakan), apprentices (d˘ji) and various foreign looking animals personifying famous actors. The most celebrated actors are depicted with a nimbus indicating their status as Buddhaĺs disciples. Usually there are 16 disciples but in this depiction only 15 appear. The famous kabuki star Ichikawa Kuz˘ II is missing his nimbus which was probably unintended. The majority of the portrayed actors are displayed as Asians with curly, brown hair and a beard. Hairstyle, garment and figure of the impersonators of female roles (onnagata) are illustrated in distinctively western style. Kuniyoshi who was keen on all things foreign depicted Buddhaĺs disciples as the following actors:

1. Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ IV
2. Unknown
3. Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV (also named Morita Kanya XI)
4. Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V
5. Band˘ Sajűr˘
6. Ichikawa Kuz˘ II
7. Onoe Baik˘ IV
8. Band˘ Takesabur˘ (probably)
9. Nakayama Ichiz˘
10. Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
11. Arashi Kichisabur˘
III
12. Unknown
13. Seki Sanjűr˘
III
14.
Ichikawa Hirogor˘
15. Nakamura Tsuruz˘ / Arashi Isabur˘
16. Unknown
17. Bandō Shűka
18. Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV
19. Onoe Shinshichi
III
20.
Ichikawa Kodanji IV
21. Nakamura Kantar˘ (probably)
22. Arashi Otohachi (probably)
23. Iwai Kumesabur˘
III
24. Nakayama Bungor˘
III
25.
Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII
26. ďtani Tomoemon IV
27. Onoe Kikujir˘ II
28. Arashi Rikan
III
29. Ichimura Uzaemon XIII (the later Onoe Kikugor˘ V)

Date: 1849-1852

Publisher: Sumiyoshi-ya Masagor˘

ôLinhartö refers to listing in the article ĹKuniyoshiĺs Ken Caricatures between 1847 and 1853ĺ, by Sepp Linhart in Andon, Vol. 83, 2008, pp. 5-29

 

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