Miscellaneous religious prints

Japan has a long tradition of humorous depictions of Buddhist deities, which meshed well with Kuniyoshiĺs sense of satire.á He is known to have been an adherent of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.á Unless otherwise indicated, these prints are each about 14 by 10 inches (36 by 25 centimeters), a size known as ˘ban.

Kuniyoshi - () The Seven Gods of Good Luck

 

Title: Untitled

Description: The seven gods of good luck

Date:

Publisher:

 

NOTE: This prints is exactly as shown, simulating a painting mounted on silk as a hanging scroll.á It measures about 14 by 5 inches (36 by 13 centimeters), a size known as chűtanzakuban.

Kuniyoshi - A large crowd of noisy people coming to pray for help in achieving a goal; this is too much for her to hear

 

Title:

Description: A large crowd of noisy people coming to pray to Datsueba, which is too much for her to hear

Date: 1846-1848

Publisher: Izutsu-ya Sh˘kichi

 

 

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Title: Comic Ken in Asakusaĺs Okuyama (D˘ke Asakusa Okuyama ken)

Description: Enma, Asahina and Datsueba playing the game of ken

Date: 1847

Publisher: Yahata-ya Sakujir˘

Linhart: 13/10018

 

Kuniyoshi - Old couple

 

Title:

Description: Okina Inari and Datsueba

Date: c. 1849

Publisher: Tama-ya S˘suke

Kuniyoshi - The goddess Benzaiten in Enoshima (Enoshima Benzaiten)

á

Title: Enoshima Benzaiten

Description: The goddess Benzaiten in Enoshima with gold coins

Date:

Publisher:

Kuniyoshi%20-%20A%20man%20praying%20to%20an%20old%20woman%20in%20the%20pose%20of%20Buddah,%201849

 

Title: Ryűk˘ oba-san negai j˘ju

Description: A man praying to a reclining Datsue-ba

Date: 1847-1850 (censors Mera and Murata)

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

 

NOTE: According to Japanese Buddhist folklore, Datsue-ba is an old woman who sits at the edge of the Sanzu River in the underworld and punishes wrongdoers.á She is shown in the pose of the dying Buddha.áááá

 

Kuniyoshi - Shibuya Kuritsu Sh˘t˘ Bijutsukan, Ukiyoeshitachi no shinbutsu

 

Title: Shibuya Kuritsu Sh˘t˘ Bijutsukan, Ukiyoeshitachi no shinbutsu

Description:

Date: 1846-1852

Publisher: Izutsu-ya Sh˘kichi

 

 

Kuniyoshi - The Great Image of Buddha at Nara and the Tiny Image of Kannon (goddess of mercy) at Asakusa

 

Title:

Description: The Great Image of Buddha at Nara and the Tiny Image of Kannon (goddess of mercy) at Asakusa

Date:

Publisher:

SC137792

 

Title: Datsueba no negoto

Description: Datsueba hearing prayers

Date: c. 1849

Publisher: Kiyoimizu-ya Naojir˘

Shini-e

 

Title: None

Description: Datsueba hearing prayers

Date: 1849-1851 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu)

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Kuniyoshi - Comic ken zake at Okuyama in Asakusa (Asakusa Okuyama d˘ke kenzake), oban, Enma and Asahina playing ken-zake, 1847(4), get inscription

 

Title: Comic ken zake at Okuyama iná Asakusa (Asakusa Okuyama d˘ke kenzake)

Description: Enma and Asahina playing the game of ken-zake

Date: 4th month of 1847

Publisher: Yahata-ya Sakujir˘

Linhart: 14/10006

Kuniyoshi - Grandpa, Grandma and a Foreigner (Jiisan basan ket˘jin), (4)1849

 

Title: Grandma and a Foreigner (Jiisan basan ket˘jin)

Description: The Inari deity, Datsueba, and a bearded barbarian from China playing ken

Date: 4th month of 1849

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Linhart: 51/10143

Kuniyoshi - God Sumiyoshi and Priest Yűten

 

Title:

Description: The god Fud˘-my˘˘ (不動明王) and priest Yűten (祐天)

Date: 1854

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘

 

Pub

 

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good fortune

Date: 1830s-1846

Publisher: Ise-ya Sanjir˘

 

NOTE: This must be one sheet from a diptych or triptych showing all seven gods of good fortune

 

 

Title: Toshitokujin (歳徳神) (a deity associated with the New Year)

Description:

Date: 1849-1951 (censors Fuku and Muramatsu)

Publisher: Kat˘-ya Iwaz˘ ()

 

I am grateful to Michael OĺClair for this image.

 

KUNI_lin_054_17082006_154020

Title:

Description: Okina Inari and Datsueba are neck wrestling (kubihiki) while foxes and horses cheer

Date: 1849

Publisher: Tama-ya S˘suke

 

NOTE: This print is a horizontal ˘ban, about 10 by 14 inches (25 by 36 centimeters)

The Removal of Ise Shrine (Ise Daijin miya-utsushi), 1847-52, Pub

Title: The Transfer Ceremony at Ise Shrine (Ise Daijin miya-utsushi, 伊勢太神宮遷御之圖)

Date: 1849 (censors Yoshimura and Kinugasa)

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

 

NOTE: This print is a horizontal ˘ban, about 10 by 14 inches (25 by 36 centimeters).á I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (triptych) Pilgrims to Oyama Come Accross Pilgrims to to Mt

Title:

Description: Pilgrims to ďyama Come Across Pilgrims to Mt. Fuji at the Gate of Takanawa

Date: 1834-1835

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

3 signatures - Seven Gods of Good Luck

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good fortune in a ship

Date: c. 1839

Publisher: Ch˘ (phonetic reading of )

 

NOTE: This triptych bears the signatures of Kuniyoshi, Kunisada and Eisen

SC133417

Title:

Description:

Date:

Publisher:

Title: Daruma on the Shelf Teaches Us the Signs of Future Events (Tana no daruma, Satori no kuchimoto)

Description:

Date: 8th month of 1858

Publisher: Enshűy-a Hikobie

Kuniyoshi - (drawing) Daruma,  CAHXWGI1

This is the original drawing for the above diptych

Kuniyoshi - (triptych) [view of hell],1830-44, 005-0071

Title: Untitled (a view of Hell)

Description: In the center sits Enma (or Emma), King of Hell, dressed as a Chinese official, flanked by his minions. He sits in judgment, deciding whether the deceased had been good or bad. Those found wanting are shown being boiled, crushed, burnt or having their tongues pulled out.

Date: c. mid 1830ĺs

Publisher: Yorozu-ya Magobei (yellow rectangle in left-lower corner)

[7 gods of good luck] 1856

Title:

Description: The seven gods of good luck

Date: 1856

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Kuniyoshi - (triptych) A group of actors on their way to Oji Shrine (Inari jinja) on New Year's day, signed

Title:

Description: A group of actors on their way to Oji Shrine (Inari jinja) on New Yearĺs day

Date: c. 1815-1816

Publisher:

Kuniyoshi - (triptych) Buddha's 16 Deciples with Actor's Expressions, 1852

Title: Parody of Buddhaĺs 16 Disciples (Mitate jűroku rakan)

Description: The title of the triptych Mitate jūroku rakan (Parody of the 16 disciples of Buddha) is a pun on words alluding to the beautiful men who are staying in the brothels forever. The triptych illustrates 29 densely packed figures consisting of Buddhaĺs disciples (arhat, rakan), apprentices (d˘ji) and various foreign looking animals personifying famous actors. The most celebrated actors are depicted with a nimbus indicating their status as Buddhaĺs disciples. Usually there are 16 disciples but in this depiction only 15 appear. The famous kabuki star Ichikawa Kuz˘ II is missing his nimbus which was probably unintended. The majority of the portrayed actors are displayed as Asians with curly, brown hair and a beard. Hairstyle, garment and figure of the impersonators of female roles (onnagata) are illustrated in distinctively western style. Kuniyoshi who was keen on all things foreign depicted Buddhaĺs disciples as the following actors:

Kuniyoshi - (triptych) Parody of Buddha's 16 Disciples [with Actor's Expressions] (Mitate jűroku rakan) , 1852(key)

1. Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ IV
2. Unknown
3. Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV (also named Morita Kanya XI)
4. Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V
5. Band˘ Sajűr˘
6. Ichikawa Kuz˘ II
7. Onoe Baik˘ IV
8. Band˘ Takesabur˘ (probably)
9. Nakayama Ichiz˘
10. Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
11. Arashi Kichisabur˘ III
12. Unknown
13. Seki Sanjűr˘ III
14. Ichikawa Hirogor˘
15. Nakamura Tsuruz˘ / Arashi Isabur˘
16. Unknown
17. Bandō Shűka
18. Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV
19. Onoe Shinshichi III
20. Ichikawa Kodanji IV
21. Nakamura Kantar˘ (probably)
22. Arashi Otohachi (probably)
23. Iwai Kumesabur˘ III
24. Nakayama Bungor˘ III
25. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII
26. ďtani Tomoemon IV
27. Onoe Kikujir˘ II
28. Arashi Rikan III
29. Ichimura Uzaemon XIII (the later Onoe Kikugor˘ V)

Date: 1849-1852

Publisher: Sumiyoshi-ya Masagor˘

ôLinhartö refers to listing in the article ĹKuniyoshiĺs Ken Caricatures between 1847 and 1853ĺ, by Sepp Linhart in Andon, Vol. 83, 2008, pp. 5-29

 

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