Warrior triptychs

1818-1831

 

 

Title: Untitled

Description: The ghosts of Tomomori and the other Taira warriors slain at Dan-no-ura attacking Yoshitsune and Benkei in their ship

Publisher: Azuma-ya Daisuke

Date: 1818

Robinson: T1

 

NOTE: This is generally considered to be Kuniyoshiĺs earliest warrior triptych.

Title: Untitled

Description: The hero Raik˘ (Minamoto no Yorimitsu) in his sickness is tormented by the Earth Spider, one of whose legs he has cut off, but it is replaced by a human arm

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c.1818-20.

Robinson: T1a

 

NOTE: This may be the left and middle sheets of a triptych

Title: Untitled

Description: Tadanobu in Yoshitsuneĺs armor, with his men, fighting Yokogawa Kakuhan and his monks amid a flight of arrows in the snows of Mount Yoshino

Publisher: Tsuru-ya Kihei

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T2

Title: Untitled

Description: Raik˘ĺs retainers advancing on Kid˘ Maru, who raises his buffalo-hide disguise

Publisher: Ise-ya Rihei

Date: c. 1820

Robinson: T3

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Untitled

Description: The Earth-Spider and his demons attacking the sick Raik˘ and his retainers

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T4

Title: Untitled

Description: Ushiwaka Maru fighting Kumasaka Ch˘han and his gang at the post station

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T5

 

NOTE: These are two sheets from a triptych.

Title: Untitled

Description: Kuriu Saemon, Hata Rokurozaemon, Shinozuka Iga no Kami, and Watari Shinzaemon, retainers of Nitta Yoshisada, breaking up a haunted temple

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c. 1820-1825

Robinson: T6

Title: Untitled

Description: The Nue, shot down in a swirling black cloud by Gen Sammi Yorimasa (源三位頼政) is about to be dispatched by Ii no Hayata (猪早太廣直).á The soldier on the right panel is identified as Watanabe Tadashi (渡邉丁七唱).

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c. 1820-1825

Robinson: T7

 

NOTE: The nue () was a beast with the head of a monkey, the claws of a tiger, the back of a badger and a snake for a tail.á It spent its nights on the roof of the Emperorĺs palace, causing him grave illness until it was slain by I no Hayata Hironao.á Usually Minamoto Yorimasa is credited with shooting it down off the roof.

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Title: Hakone reigen izari no ada-uchi

Description: The revenge of Iinuma Katsugor˘, with the apparition of his wife Hatsu-hana in the waterfall

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T8

Title: Ehon Gapp˘ tsuji

Description: Takahashi Kamb˘ defending himself on a huge image against a swarm of attackers

Publisher: Tsuru-ya Kihei

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T9

Title: Taira no Kiyomori Encountering the Ghost of Yoshihiro at Nunobiki Falls (Kiyomori nyűd˘ Nunobiki no taki yűran Akugenda Yoshihira no rei Namba Jir˘ wo utsu, 清盛入道布引滝遊覧)

Description: The ghost of Akugenda Yoshihira striking down his killer, Namba Jir˘, at the Nunobiki waterfall before Kiyomori and his suite

Publisher: Ise-ya Sanjir˘

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T10

I am grateful to Vladislav Ruchkin for this variant of the above design published by Daikoku-ya Heikichi.

Title: Chűshingura: gishi Takanawa hikitori no zu

Description: The Forty-seven R˘nin, their task accomplished, retire to Takanawa; their leader Yuranosuke interviewing a priest of the temple (right)

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: 1827

Robinson: T11

Title: Chűishingura: yo-uchi no zu

Description: The night attack in the Chűishingura; fight in the garden between the Forty-Seven R˘nin and the retainers of Moronao, some of whom (left) are defending their masterĺs hiding place

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T12

Title: Chűshingura: yo-uchi no zu

Description: The night attack in the Chűshingura; the Forty-seven R˘nin beginning to go over Moronaoĺs wall by rope ladders on either side of the main gate

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T13

Title: Chűshingura jűichi damme: Ry˘goku-bashi sei-soroi zu

Description: Eleventh act of the Chűshingura: the Forty-seven R˘nin assembled at sunrise in the snow at Ry˘goku Bridge with a flight of wild geese overheadá

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T14

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Chűshingura: gishi Ry˘goku-bashi hikitori no zu

Description: The Forty-seven R˘nin, having crossed

Ry˘goku bridge on their triumphant return, are interviewed by a mounted official (right)

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichibei

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T15

Title: Untitled

Description: Preparations for the defense of the Horikawa Palace: Shizuka-gozen is handed a naginata by one of her maids, while Tadanobu gets out his armor (left); Yoshitsune, armed with a naginata, hurries along the veranda (center); and Benkei, grasping an iron club, gives directions (right)

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c. 1830

Robinson: T16

Title: Yashima ˘-kassen

Description: Yoshitsune executing his Ĺeight boat leapĺ (hass˘-tobi), cutting through a rudder and a wooden shield that have been thrown at him

Publisher: Ise-ya Rihei

Date: c. 1830

Robinson: T17

 

NOTE: This triptych is known both with and without a black sky.

Title: Ujigawa kassen no zu (The Fording of the Uji River)

Description: Takatsuna leading, followed by Kagesue and Shigetada

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: c. 1831

Robinson: T18

This reissue of the above design dates from about 1845 and bears the seals of the publisher ďmi-ya Heihachi and the censor Hama

Description: Kajiwara Kagetoki (梶原 景時) crossing the Uji Riverá

Publisher: Unidentified

Date: c. 1818-1831

Robinson: T18a (not listed)

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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