Warrior triptychs

1818-1831

 

 

Title: Untitled

Description: The ghosts of Tomomori and the other Taira warriors slain at Dan-no-ura attacking Yoshitsune and Benkei in their ship

Publisher: Azuma-ya Daisuke

Date: 1818

Robinson: T1

 

NOTE: This is generally considered to be Kuniyoshiĺs earliest warrior triptych.

Title: Untitled

Description: The hero Raik˘ (Minamoto no Yorimitsu) in his sickness is tormented by the Earth Spider, one of whose legs he has cut off, but it is replaced by a human arm

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c.1818-20.

Robinson: T1a

 

NOTE: This may be the left and middle sheets of a triptych

Title: Untitled

Description: Tadanobu in Yoshitsuneĺs armor, with his men, fighting Yokogawa Kakuhan and his monks amid a flight of arrows in the snows of Mount Yoshino

Publisher: Tsuru-ya Kihei

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T2

Title: Untitled

Description: Raik˘ĺs retainers advancing on Kid˘ Maru, who raises his buffalo-hide disguise

Publisher: Ise-ya Rihei

Date: c. 1820

Robinson: T3

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Untitled

Description: The Earth-Spider and his demons attacking the sick Raik˘ and his retainers

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T4

Title: Untitled

Description: Ushiwaka Maru fighting Kumasaka Ch˘han and his gang at the post station

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c.1820

Robinson: T5

 

NOTE: These are two sheets from a triptych.

Title: Untitled

Description: Kuriu Saemon, Hata Rokurozaemon, Shinozuka Iga no Kami, and Watari Shinzaemon, retainers of Nitta Yoshisada, breaking up a haunted temple

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c. 1820-1825

Robinson: T6

Title: Untitled

Description: The Nue, shot down in a swirling black cloud by Gen Sammi Yorimasa (源三位頼政) is about to be dispatched by Ii no Hayata (猪早太廣直).á The soldier on the right panel is identified as 渡邉丁七唱.

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: c. 1820-1825

Robinson: T7

 

NOTE: The nue () was a beast with the head of a monkey, the claws of a tiger, the back of a badger and a snake for a tail.á It spent its nights on the roof of the Emperorĺs palace, causing him grave illness until it was slain by I no Hayata Hironao.á Usually Minamoto Yorimasa is credited with shooting it down off the roof.

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Title: Hakone reigen izari no ada-uchi

Description: The revenge of Iinuma Katsugor˘, with the apparition of his wife Hatsu-hana in the waterfall

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T8

Title: Ehon Gapp˘ tsuji

Description: Takahashi Kamb˘ defending himself on a huge image against a swarm of attackers

Publisher: Tsuru-ya Kihei

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T9

Title: Taira no Kiyomori Encountering the Ghost of Yoshihiro at Nunobiki Falls (Kiyomori nyűd˘ Nunobiki no taki yűran Akugenda Yoshihira no rei Namba Jir˘ wo utsu, 清盛入道布引滝遊覧)

Description: The ghost of Akugenda Yoshihira striking down his killer, Namba Jir˘, at the Nunobiki waterfall before Kiyomori and his suite

Publisher: Ise-ya Sanjir˘

Date: c. 1825

Robinson: T10

I am grateful to James George for this variant of the above design published by Daikoku-ya Heikichi.

Title: Chűshingura: gishi Takanawa hikitori no zu

Description: The Forty-seven R˘nin, their task accomplished, retire to Takanawa; their leader Yuranosuke interviewing a priest of the temple (right)

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: 1827

Robinson: T11

Title: Chűishingura: yo-uchi no zu

Description: The night attack in the Chűishingura; fight in the garden between the Forty-Seven R˘nin and the retainers of Moronao, some of whom (left) are defending their masterĺs hiding place

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T12

Title: Chűshingura: yo-uchi no zu

Description: The night attack in the Chűshingura; the Forty-seven R˘nin beginning to go over Moronaoĺs wall by rope ladders on either side of the main gate

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T13

Title: Chűshingura jűichi damme: Ry˘goku-bashi sei-soroi zu

Description: Eleventh act of the Chűshingura: the Forty-seven R˘nin assembled at sunrise in the snow at Ry˘goku Bridge with a flight of wild geese overheadá

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T14

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Chűshingura: gishi Ry˘goku-bashi hikitori no zu

Description: The Forty-seven R˘nin, having crossed

Ry˘goku bridge on their triumphant return, are interviewed by a mounted official (right)

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichibei

Date: c. 1827-1830

Robinson: T15

Title: Untitled

Description: Preparations for the defense of the Horikawa Palace: Shizuka-gozen is handed a naginata by one of her maids, while Tadanobu gets out his armor (left); Yoshitsune, armed with a naginata, hurries along the veranda (center); and Benkei, grasping an iron club, gives directions (right)

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: c. 1830

Robinson: T16

Title: Yashima ˘-kassen

Description: Yoshitsune executing his Ĺeight boat leapĺ (hass˘-tobi), cutting through a rudder and a wooden shield that have been thrown at him

Publisher: Ise-ya Rihei

Date: c. 1830

Robinson: T17

 

NOTE: This triptych is known both with and without a black sky.

Title: Ujigawa kassen no zu (The Fording of the Uji River)

Description: Takatsuna leading, followed by Kagesue and Shigetada

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: c. 1831

Robinson: T18

This reissue of the above design dates from about 1845 and bears the seals of the publisher ďmi-ya Heihachi and the censor Hama

Description: Kajiwara Kagetoki (梶原 景時) crossing the Uji Riverá

Publisher: Unidentified

Date: c. 1818-1831

Robinson: T18a (not listed)

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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