Warrior triptychs

1839-1841, Part I

 

 

Title: Yoshitsune ichidaiki: Goj˘-bashi no zu (The Biography of Yoshitsune: Gojo bridge, 義経一代記五条ノ橋之圖)

Description: The moonlight fight between Yoshitsune and Benkei on Goj˘ bridge in Kyoto with Kisanda behind

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘

Date: c. 1839

Robinson: T47

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.á Note the lack of shadows on the poles and on the water.

Title:

Description: Battle outside a castle, with Shinozuka Iga no Kami clutching a beam, and Kuriu Sayemon-no-j˘ beside him

Publisher: S˘shű-ya Yohei

Date: c. 1839

Robinson: T47a

Title: áMitate musha rokkasen (Group of Six Choice Warrior-poets)

Description: Gen Sammi Yorimasa, Satsuma no Kami Tadanori, Kenrei-monin, Udaijin Sanetomo, Udaish˘ Yoritomo and Kumagaye Rensh˘-b˘ (Naozane)

Publisher: Yamato-ya

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T48

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Title: Osanashi-dachi buyű soroi (A Set of Heroic Children, 稚立武勇揃)

Description: Below are the names of the thirty-six boys represented, each followed in parentheses by his adult name, or other information given on the print:

 

RIGHT-HAND SHEET

(right-hand edge, top to bottom): Tokuju Maru (Nitta Yoshioki), Hako-˘ Maru (Soga Gor˘ Tokimune), Ichiman Maru (Soga Jur˘ Sukenari), Aza Maru (Aku-shichiby˘ye Kagekiyo)

 

(middle): Shiragiku Maru (novice of Gwag˘ji), Uhy˘ye-no-suke Minamoto no Yoritomo (fifth son of Yoshitomo), Gor˘ Maru (Mimmaya no Shigemune)

 

(left-hand side): Ju˘ Maru (ďtomo no Sukune Kanamura), Onz˘shi Tametomo (eighth son of Tameyoshi), Bij˘ Maru (son of Minamoto no Yorinobu, Kwaid˘ Maru (Sakata no Kintoki), Hy˘z˘ (Tetsu K˘zuke, son of a farmer of Echigo)

 

MIDDLE SHEET

(right-hand side): Kana-ishi Maru (Kud˘ Suketsune), K˘ju Maru (son of Fujiwara no Nakamitsu), Wada Masatora (Genshű), Taira no Tomoakira (son of Tomomori), Oniwaka Maru (Musashi-b˘ Benkei)

 

(middle): Ushiwaka Maru (Kur˘ Hangwan Yoshitsune), Ari˘ Maru (page to Shunkwan), Chikud˘ Maru, Mukwan-no-tayű Atsumori (son of Sammi Tsunemori)

 

(left-hand side): Wakiya Yoshiharu (son of Yoshisuke and younger brother of Nitta Yoshisada) , Nagasaki Jir˘ (page to H˘j˘ Takatoki), Kusunoki Masatsura (eldest son of Masashige), Kon-˘ Maru (Tosa-b˘ Sh˘shun)

 

LEFT-HAND SHEET

(right-hand side): Kiku˘ Maru (page to N˘to no Kami Noritsune), S˘ma Kotar˘ Yoshikado (son of Masakado) , Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa (page to Yoshiiye), The Rough Boy of Usui-t˘ge (Usui Sadamitsu)

 

(middle): Antoku Tenn˘, Tamon Maru (Kusunoki Masashige), Kojiro Nao-iye (son of Kumagaya Naozane)

 

(left-hand side): Koma-˘ Maru (Kiso Kwanja Yoshinaka), Hijiri Maru (page to Hioki Daizen), Kid˘ Maru (novice of Hiyeizan), Kichij˘ Maru (ďtomo Yoshinao)

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T49

Title: Morokoshi Shin no Shik˘tei ch˘sei furo no etc.

Description: The great ships full of boys and girls sent in search of the immortal medicine (H˘raizan) by the Chinese Emperor Shih Huang Ti (Shik˘tei), c. 219 BCE

Publisher: Hoso-Sen

Date: c. 1839-1841 (this triptych was reprinted c. 1843 with the seal of the censor, Kinugasa)

Robinson: T50

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

This key block print for the above design is courtesy of Richard Illing.á Each panel is an impression pulled from the first woodblock made by a carver from the artistĺs original drawing.á The artist would write instructions for each color on a separate key block print, and the woodblock for each color was cut using one of these as a guide.á In addition to being a guide for carving the color woodblocks, the key block was also used to apply black ink (usually) in the printing process.

Title: Empress Jingű K˘g˘ Invades Korea (Jing˘ K˘g˘ Sankan seibatsu no zu, 神宮皇后三韓征伐圖)

Description: The punitive expedition of the Empress Jing˘ to Korea (traditional date, 200): Takeshiuchi-no-sukune, backed by the Empress and her troops, attacking the Koreans on the sea-shore

Publisher: Nuno-Kichi

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T51

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Hachiman-tar˘ Yoshiie: K˘hei nenkan Yoritoki Sadat˘ no ch˘teki etc

Description: The captive rebel Abe no Munet˘ brought before Fujiwara no Mitsuyori by Yoshiiye in 1064

Publisher: Takahashi-ya

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T52

 

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

A later edition of the above triptych

Title: J˘an yo-nen Kichiji no nimotsu o ... tame...Aohaka no shuku ... Ushiwakamaru ga tame ... (承安四年...)

Description: Night scene of Ushiwaka Maru fighting Ch˘han and his gang at the inn; one shining a lantern (1174)

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Title: Untitled diptych

Description: Ushiwaka Maru (Yoshitsune) fighting Benkei on Goj˘ Bridge

Publisher: Nuno-Kichi

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T54

 

 

No image available

 

 

Title:

Description: Sayemon-no-suke Taira no Shigemori and his troops in a battle in the snow (probably during the troubles of H˘gen in 1156 or of Heiji in 1159)

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T55

Title: Jisb˘ yo-nen Minamoto no Yoritomo-k˘ gihei wo age Sunshű etc.

Description: The interview between the brothers Yoritomo and Yoshitsune at the base of Mount Fuji in 1180

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T56

Title: Sumidagawa batto no zu

Description: Yoritomo and his troops crossing the Sumida River on rafts in August, 1180

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T57

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

I am grateful to Jerzy Wojciechowski for this alternate state of the above design.á Note the difference in the transition from sea to sky in the left sheet.

Title: Gempei seisuiki: Suruga no kuni Fujikawa kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira: The Battle of Fujikawa)

Description: At the Battle of Fujikawa, a flight of wild geese warned the Minamoto of a Taira ambush on November 10, 1180

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T58

Title: Gempei seisuiki: Awa no kuni Katsu-ura kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira: The battle of Katsu-ura in Awa Province)

Description: The battle of Katsu-ura in Awa Province: Yoshitsune and his troops marching along the shore to attack Yoshit˘ĺs castle on March 20, 1185

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T59

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Gempei seisuiki: Kaga no kuni Ataka kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira: The battle of Ataka in Kaga Province, 源平盛衰記 加賀国安宅合戦)

Description: The battle of Ataka in Kaga Province, with Tomoye-gozen and Yamabuki (both in upper portion of right-hand panel), the warrior-mistress and wife, respectively, of Yoshinaka, attacking the Taira under Kagekiyo in 1183

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T60

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this alternate state of the above design.á Note the flags in the right upper corner and the right lower corner.

Title: Gempei Hokuyetsu ˘-kassen (源平北越大合戦)

Description: The great battle between Yoshinaka and the Taira in northern Echizen Province with J˘ Shir˘ Nagamochi, the Amazon Hangaku and J˘ Kur˘ Sukemori

Publisher: Tsuru-ya Kiyemon

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T61

 

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating the right-hand and left-hand sheets.

Title: Ujigawa ˘-kassen (The Battle of the Uji River)

Description: The battle of the Uji River on March 5, 1184: Takatsuna about to land (right), followed by Kagesuye (center) and the main body of troops still in midstream (left) with a broken bridge in the background

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T62

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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